By - Jamel Lahiani
Tunisia revolution also called “Jasmine Revolution” ended on the 14th of January 2011. The revolution was a call for more freedom, dignity and better standard of living in the country. A process of transition was established that aimed to usher a new constitution, restore justice and anti corruption efforts. At that time, peoples thought that they were going to build a new, democratic and prosperous Tunisia. Thanks to dialogue and consensus between the political parties and national organizations, Tunisia has approved the new constitution three years after the overthrow of the North African country’s long-time ruler Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali.
The new constitution, seen as one of the most progressive in the region, guarantees equal rights for men and women.
In this period, Tunisia has encountered many governments. Those governments issued from Nahda Movement, technocratic and Nidaa Tounes associated with the Nahda Movement. The Nahda Movement was emphasized on political side but the movement has forgotten that people who were engaged in the revolution needed employment, livelihood and prosperity. What are the benefits of this revolution for them?
Revolutionaries see their situations as having gotten worse rather than better. They made a lot of sacrifices to bring about revolution, but they have less buying power, more unemployment and poverty. The revolution was led by the youth and unemployed peoples and not by political parties. But the political parties used it in their interests.
Mains indicators of the Tunisian economy after the 2011 revolution
Today, Tunisia is in weakening situation with low growth of the Gross Domestic Product that varies between 1.2 % in 2015 and 3.0 % on 2014. Even though there was a positive growth, this growth is disguised because it is associated with high inflation rate that rose to 7.3% on 2017. In fact, the government used an expansionist monetary policy that leads to high inflation rate. This inflation led to the decrease in the purchasing power, especially for the less privilege in the society. The unemployment rate stays very high around 15% with a very high percentage of unemployed graduates 29.9% on 2017.
Tunisia was faced with a problem of the inequality of wealth repartition and investment between the different regions of the country. In this way, Tunis and the Sahel stay having the majority of the public and private investments. The others regions are considered as darken regions.
Tunisians have won freedom. But, political party had made a harmful environment for stability and investments mobilization, because of their limited calculations and not looking for the interest of the country. Following the rivalry between political parties some investments go away from Tunisia.
Surely, the noise created by political party has a negative impact to the economic performance of Tunisia. It’s a disturbed environment where each one was opposed to the others.
The political freedom and personal freedom are big advances for Tunisia. But peoples stay looking for the economic benefit of the revolution. Especially, if the percent of GDP allowed for the payment of debt exceed 65.00 in fact debt reached 71 percent of GDP in 2017.
Presently Tunisia is anticipating a presidential election which would be followed by the parliament election, there are 97 candidatures, and 66 of them are not validated. The rivalry for the political posts is at its highest-level.
However, Tunisia still have tough years ahead before its begin to reap the benefit of the 2011 revolution.
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