By - Jamel Lahiani
In this decade, The Africans countries need more and more investment in electricity to satisfy the rapid economic growth. Some countries like Morocco, Tunisia, Benin and others have insisted on the creation of Photovoltaic energy plans. In sub-Saharan Africa, the Photovoltaic energy is under-exploited. It is about 0.7% of total energy production, Enerdata (2016).
The photovoltaic energy has a benefit impact in economic growth. In fact, it produces a clean source of energy without high investment cost for new fossil electricity plan. Also, it allows the access to electricity for people in rural zone and off-grid areas. Concerned with industry, it reduces the cost of electricity and increase the competitiveness. This promised sector can create more jobs occasions and propagate a dynamic of growth around the other sectors.
Several African countries have created plans for the development of photovoltaic energy using different methods: modern solar thermal, photovoltaic and concentrated solar power mechanisms.
We can refer to Morocco plan, which have the objective to generate 2,000 megawatts (or 2 gigawatts) of solar power by the year 2020 by building mega-scale solar power projects at five location. The Tunisia plan is launched by two tenders, for 500 MW solar photovoltaic (PV) in 2018. For the Benin, Burkina Faso, Gabon, Mali, Niger and Togo we can notice the creation of a favourable legislative environment to encourage the photovoltaic energy production by the private sector.
The development of this sector must be maintained by the importation of advanced technologies from countries with reduced cost and training workers to master these technologies. Also, more investments and subventions have to be allowed for this sector because of its high benefit impact.
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